ABOUT ABYS


BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


ABOUT THE BREED

The Abyssinian is generally recognized as the oldest breed. Abys were companions for the Egyptian pharaohs. They were also prized for their mouse catching abilities. Grain was one of the most important Egyptian commodities and Abys were quite good at protecting it. In ancient Egypt if a person killed a cat even by accident, the penalty was death. Cats are still treated with respect and kept as companions in Cairo and other Egyptian cities, although street cats that look like Abys are now mostly found in northern India near and in Calcutta, because the wild ancestor of the Aby, the jungle cat (Felis chaus), is still found there.

The history of the Abyssinian cat - Abyssinian Cat Association - with old photos.


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

Abyssinians have been bred as much for their friendly and affectionate nature as for their beauty and agility. As a breed, they are quite fearless and outgoing, coming to the door to greet strangers and going at once to investigate noises. They usually get along very well with other cats and with dogs and other animals who are friendly to them.

Abys are always on the go! Some are lap cats and others prefer to sit or sleep next to you when they are finished playing. Even though they are quite independent, Abys always take time to say hello and purr and rub against you before going to investigate something else. They often love to play fetch and will bring you a favorite toy to throw for them over and over again. They are naturals in cat agility contests such as ICAT. They vary in nature from very active and involved to gentle and loving. They act like kittens all of their life, especially during play. They look like little cougars or mountain lions.

They are one of the quietest breed of cats, usually only trilling once in a while. Although they can and do meow like other cats when they are upset it is usually at a much lower volume. They are very people-oriented and want to be around you even when they are playing with each other. They will "help" you with whatever you happen to be doing, too! They are loyal friends who always seem to know when you need an extra snuggle or purrs.


BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


Here are some videos of Abyssinians:

Learn about Abyssinian cats as pets - About.com Video

Ideal companion: Abyssinian - YouTube Video

Abyssinian kittens playing - Dancer's Kittens - YouTube Video

4 1/2 week old Aksum Aby kittens playing - YouTube video

Adorable Aby Kittens - YouTube Video - Helmi Flick, cat photographer extraordinaire and her cat wrangler husband Ken, photograph some cute Abyssinian kittens.  Before and during the photo shoot - video  Photos by Helmi

Mango Madness - very cute and very Aby pictures of an adorable Abyssinian named Mango and some of his Aby friends from around the world

Note: Please respect the copyrights.

Aksum Abyssinians prizes this fearless, sweet nature and selects for it more than any other feature (after health, of course) as we choose the next generation of Abys.


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

Subscribe to Aksum Abyssinians FREE newsletter
Available kittens, problem solving, Aby care, product reviews, Q&A
Original articles - you can only get it here! Email addresses are kept strictly private!


BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


SEE OUR NEW HEALTH TIPS PAGE!


ABY CARE

Regular care
Abys don't need much daily care. They shed about as much as any other cat, a little more in the spring and fall at normal shedding times. They enjoy being groomed, but it is not necessary to bathe or groom them every day or even every week or month. One reason for this is their resilient shorthair coat which stays neatly in place and is one of the breed standards. They also tend to keep themselves very clean.

Allergies to cats: like most cats, Abys cause allergic reactions in sensitive people. However, it turns out that people have a lot less allergic reactions to particular cats, especially spayed females than to un-neutered male cats of other breeds, for example (385 vs. 62,000 mg/g of Fel d1 in some fur samples of an Abyssinian vs. a domestic shorthair). Spayed female Siberians probably have the least allergic reactions (at 205 mg/g). This is not a guarantee that any person will not be allergic to them, or that every Abyssinian will have a super low amount of the protein allergen. If you are sensitive to cats, it helps if you wipe them all over with a damp paper towel every day and then throw the paper towel in the trash, and if you never let them in the bedroom or to sleep with you. Additionally, you should use air purifiers with a HEPA filter, especially in your bedroom.

Clip your Aby's claws front and back once every week or two. If you need help learning how, ask a groomer or your vet to teach you or do it for you. Only clip the clear part of the claw at the tip, and clip it from the side. This will reduce the scratches you receive and the damage they do to furniture. There are several more things you can do to reduce furniture damage from your Aby's claws, starting with providing several sisal rope scratching posts, at least one in each room, especially where they have already tried to scratch the furniture. You can also use 'fake nails' on Abys called Soft Claws that you can find in most pet stores, which are glued on and need to be replaced every 2-4 weeks. This will also keep your cat from climbing your curtains!

Aby ears should be cleaned about once a month with a feline ear cleaning solution, or with organic coconut oil, as an alternative. Hold their head still while squeezing a few drops into the ear canal. Massage the base of the ear from the outside. Let the cat shake their head, then wipe the ear clean with a cotton swab or paper towel.

Your Aby's teeth need to be examined once a year during the annual vet check and if they need it, their teeth should be cleaned. When they get older, it is often necessary to also extract loose or rotten teeth. This usually costs $200-$500 each time, depending on the age of your cat, your vet, and the situation. You can avoid a lot of this if you clean your Aby's teeth daily with a paste from a pet store, with a cat product that has chlorhexidine in it, or even with regular baking soda and/or put dental treatment in their water regularly (it usually has chlorhexidine also). CET is a good brand. Another way a lot of cat owners keep their cat's teeth clean is to feed chunks of raw meat, particularly the small end of a raw chicken wing (all of the wing except for the mini-drumstick), directly sourced from the producer. To help avoid food poisoning or salmonella, add an active good quality probiotic (with at least 10 billion CFU in each dose) to their food every day. Like us, cats can have serious health issues, particularly with their kidneys, if their teeth are not cleaned regularly. With good dental care, they can literally live years longer. Taking good care of your cat's teeth can prolong life and quality of life, including helping to prevent kidney disease, which is linked to gum disease in cats and humans.


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

SEE OUR NEW HEALTH TIPS PAGE!


Vaccinations & Surgery
Once you have gotten your pet kitten Abyssinians, it is important to vaccinate your Aby at 16-20 weeks old and again at 12-16 months old, then once every three years with a modified live virus (MLV) vaccine, preferably Merial Purevax 3-in-1. Talk to your veterinarian about the best way to avoid over-vaccination and consider ELISA testing instead of vaccinating again, especially for an older cat.

If you get your kitten before they are 16 weeks old, please remember to give the last kitten vaccination when they reach 16 to 20 weeks old so the maternal antibodies won't interfere with the vaccine and the vaccination's protection will last until the booster at 12 to 16 months old.

If a rabies vaccination is required by law, use the Merial Purevax Recombinant Rabies ONLY. Abys are sensitive to vaccinations. Indoor cats do not need Feline Leukemia vaccinations, which are not 100% guaranteed to work anyway, and most (about 85%) adult cats have a natural immunity to Feline Leukemia, so it is NOT considered a "core" or necessary vaccination for indoor cats. The FIV vaccine is REALLY not a good idea, since it will cause your cat to test positive for FIV aftereward. And the FIP vaccine can actually give your cat the disease!

Don't declaw your Aby, or any cat, for that matter. It's cruel and leaves them defenseless. Here is an article from The Conscious Cat about declawing. Don't ever let your Aby outside as their curious and friendly nature will lead them inevitably to tragedy (run over by a car, killed by a dog or other cat, killed by an animal abuser, killed and eaten by a coyote, etc.) and they are very likely to be stolen as well, since they are so beautiful and friendly. Outdoor cats live an average of 2-3 years, especially in cities or in areas where there are a lot of big birds like owls or hawks or eagles or if there are coyotes nearby. Your indoor Aby has a good chance of living well into their teens and even up to 20 or more years old!

Tell your veterinarian before any surgery that Abys have been known to be sensitive to anesthetic and pre-anesthetic and to watch carefully for any reactions to these. There are usually antidotes they can give if there is a reaction. Gas can be used instead in most cases, spay or neuter for example. My Abys have not had any adverse reactions with normal injectable anesthesia, including several kittens who have been pediatrically spayed and neutered, so it certainly isn't always true that they have reactions.

Regarding spay/neuter, your cat does NOT need to have a litter of kittens first! Please be a responsible pet owner and spay/neuter your kitten. Please don't contribute to the homeless pet population! There are many places nationwide that will spay/neuter your cat for a reduced cost. For example, here in Atlanta CatSnip and others charge about $60 for a spay and $40 for a neuter. We ALWAYS spay/neuter our kittens before they leave us to go to their new pet homes.


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


SEE OUR NEW HEALTH TIPS PAGE!


Nutrition
We use and recommend feeding only fresh meat (raw or cooked lightly) and/or canned food without grains, but with vitamins and minerals, especially Vitamin A and taurine. Cats are obligate carnivores, meaning that they require a high percent of meat protein in their diet (minimum of 40% protein by dry weight) to receive complete nutrition. All commercial cat foods are required by law to have feline-appropriate amounts of vitamins, amino acids, and minerals in them.

We prefer Wild Calling canned food (canned food should have at least 10% protein on the side of the can and be grain free). Our favorite dry food is Young Again Cat Food - especially Mature or Zero Carb Mature for older males and neuters. We also feed Orijen dry food (dry food should have at least 40% protein on the side of the bag and also should be grain free). We have also fed Pinnacle and Fromm (from Chewy.com or Petfooddirect.com). These foods have not had a recall. These can all be bought online and delivered to your door.

Additionally, we start all of our kittens on raw food, and get them used to eating raw, canned and dry food so they are ready to eat the type of food you prefer to feed. The raw food we buy is Blue Ridge Beef Kitten Mix, which has beef and chicken meat, bone, and organs, finely ground. We mix good quality probiotics in all of the raw food to prevent salmonella poisoning. All of our cats are offered the raw food, and nearly all love it. Most of the ones that don't like the Kitten Mix raw will eat freeze dried raw, which also has complete nutrition, with all of the necessary taurine, vitamins, and other required nutrition. We like the Primal Turkey freeze dried raw.

Our males are fed some type of wet food (canned and/or raw) every day to help prevent urinary tract blockages. It turns out stress is the biggest contributing factor to urinary tract disease, so we also try to give all of them interesting things to do and see to improve their daily life, as well as one-on-one time. And we make sure they are with other cats they get along well with.

Here is an interesting look at the ingredients in a typical cat food with grains in it.

I have completed a thorough trial with Young Again Cat Food with my cats. I have found with free feeding all of them, that the neutered cats lose weight naturally to a very healthy size with the Mature or Zero Carb formulas, and the pregnant and nursing cats keep their weight up, even the ones that used to have trouble with that because they're small, with the Young Again Cat Food 50/22. They also drink more water (which is good because there is less chance of urinary tract infections and crystals) and after about 2-4 weeks, they slowly ate less, to about half of the amount they used to eat and still kept their weight at a very healthy size. My friends who used it after my recommendation are also happy with it, and their cats are also moving to or staying at a very healthy weight.

Free feeding is much easier for a busy lifestyle and to me, much more natural a way to feed. I am very happy with these results. I also really like Young Again's brand new supplement to add to raw food, and my cats like it too.

The preferred percentage of protein, fat and carbohydrates in Young Again is deliberately similar to what the cat has eaten in the wild for thousands of years: mice. Mice have about 55% protein, 30% fat, and 2% carbohydrates in their bodies (dry weight analysis, after water is removed, since there can be varying amounts of water).

Therefore we recommend looking at the ingredients list and buying dry cat food that has at least 40% protein, 20% fat, and less than 10% carbohydrates (preferably about 5% carbs). For canned food, it should say at least 10% protein, 4% fat and less than 2% carbs. Exact percentages for canned food can be calculated using dry weight analysis (protein% divided by the non-water% -- for a canned food that says 11% protein and 78% water, the non-water or dry percent of the food is 100%-78%=22%, and the equation is 11/22=50%). Here is some more information on the best, most nutritious diet for your cat.

Read the book "Your Cat: Simple New Secrets to a Longer, Stronger Life" by Elizabeth M. Hodgkins, D.V.M., Esq. It explains the basics of feline nutrition, which is VERY different from human or canine nutrition.

Here's a good website that will help you choose the best foods for your cat: The Conscious Cat with Ingrid King. Here's another one: Making Cat Food by Lisa A. Pierson, DVM.

A good probiotic mixed in their food every day helps an Aby's immune system stay healthy (most of the immune system cells are in the intestine). It also helps treat IBD/IBS (Irritable Bowel) and is great for helping to repopulate the intestines with good bacteria during and after antibiotics. This is the same probiotics that we humans need and is also in live cultured yogurt. Our newest and current favorite brand of probiotics is Perfect Biotics by Probiotic America. We take it too!

I have also heard that giving CoQ10 to your cat every day helps keep their gums healthy, if you see any problems with gum disease starting. Healthy gums help keep your cat's kidney healthy, and there is a direct connection between gum disease and kidney disease for people and cats.

Since they were originally desert animals, like most cats Abyssinians naturally don't drink much water. The majority of their water comes from food. However, to encourage them to drink more, especially when they are fed mostly dry food, always keep a clean bowl of fresh water available for your cat. Metal or ceramic bowls are easier to keep clean than plastic ones. A constantly recycled water supply in a fountain like the Raindrop is even better because it encourages your cat to drink because they are attracted to running water, and it also filters the water. You will still have to clean it regularly, however. We use a 10% bleach solution or chlorhexidine 4% when cleaning food and water bowls by hand, and regularly put them through the dishwasher. You can also add a tablespoon of colloidal silver to the water and it will reduce the number of bacteria that live in it, keeping it cleaner and better tasting.

The best natural cat litter we've found is World's Best Cat Litter, Extra Strength. Sprinkle baking soda liberally on the bottom of the litterbox, then pour 3-4" deep of the litter, then sprinkle some Earth Friendly Products Kitty Litter Treatment or more baking soda on top. If you want to save some money, Purina Layena corn chicken feed is very similar to World's Best Cat Litter and is $11-$15 per 50 lb bag from your local feed store. Use the baking soda the same way with the generic version (although you may need more of it). Our second favorite cat litter is Tidy Cat Immediate Odor Control scoopable clay litter.

Here is the ASPCA's simple guide to a poison safe home.

Here is the current pet food recall list by the FDA.


SEE OUR NEW HEALTH TIPS PAGE!


Subscribe to Aksum Abyssinians FREE newsletter
Available kittens, problem solving, Aby care, product reviews, Q&A
Original articles - you can only get it here! Email addresses are kept strictly private!


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


ABY COLORS

The four main Abyssinian colors recognized by TICA and other cat registration organizations are: ruddy (rich dark brown also known as usual or tawny), blue (the dilute of ruddy, a slate blue-gray), cinnamon (rich deep cinnamon-red also called sorrel or red), and fawn (the dilute of cinnamon, a pale tan).

Abyssinian Color Comparisons
Actual photos from each different color of Aby

New and unusual colors recently approved for Championship titles and points in TICA and GCCF are: chocolate (rich dark reddish-brown, called brown in genetic dna testing) and lilac (the dilute of chocolate, a pale cream with very light blue-gray or lavender shading). The silver versions of the six colors above are also recently approved by TICA for titles and points, for a total of 12 approved colors in TICA. For consistency, we use the TICA color names for Abyssinians on this website.


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


SEX-LINKED RED BREEDING PROGRAM

Aksum Abyssinians is following in Alexy Abyssinians' footsteps (and over 30 years of UK Abyssinian breeding) with our sex-linked red breeding program. Until recently, these new colors were only available in the UK and Europe, bringing the total Aby colors to 28! The new red colors are the torbies (ruddy, blue, chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, or fawn torbie females), red males and females, and cream males and females. Be one of the first to have an Aby with a rare new color!

Linc, a sex-linked red male
Helmi Flick Cat Photography
Mikey, a cream male,
dilute of red

Helmi Flick Cat Photography

These sex-linked red Abyssinians are TICA registered with the normal SBT registration numbers. Their kittens, or even their littermates, can be shown in TICA for Championship titles and Regional and International points, if they are one of the colors approved for Championship. They are pure Abyssinian just like any other TICA registered Abyssinian, and are exactly the same except for their color. These colors have been bred in Europe and the U.K. since 1980, so they are not new. They are only somewhat new and rare here in the U.S.


Subscribe to Aksum Abyssinians FREE newsletter
Available kittens & cats, problem solving, Aby care, product reviews, etc.
Original articles - you can only get it here!
Email addresses will be kept strictly private!


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


ABYSSINIAN COLOR GENETICS - USUAL

All Abys have ticked tabby coats, which means each hair has bands of different colors starting with a lighter color at the base, in a modified tabby pattern. The ticked tabby is a result of the Agouti gene (which forms the bands of color on each hair) and a mutated form of the common tabby gene (which is often referred to as the "Abyssinian tabby"). You can still see a small portion of the original tabby pattern in the classic "M" on the forehead of all Abyssinians as well as their white chin, which is also part of the tabby pattern.


Ticked Hairs of an Abyssinian

Ruddy, chocolate and cinnamon are "black" colors and are called "black" because the hair color of the cat changes to ruddy, chocolate or cinnamon based on the position of the black color gene on the black color allele. Without the modifying factors of the ticked tabby genes and the different positioning of the black color allele, the cat would be solid black in color. Ruddy is dominant over chocolate, and chocolate is dominant over cinnamon (the darker the color, the more dominant it is). Cinnamon is the most recessive color. (Also see http://www.messybeast.com/gene-loci.htm for how this works.)


Rocket, a ruddy male (genetically black or B)


Sunrise, a chocolate female (genetically brown or b)
Photo by Helmi Flick


Kopper, a cinnamon male (genetically light brown or b1)

Abyssinians as a modern breed started in England. Unfortunately, the original type and two nice attributes (ear tufts and dark hocks) of the Aby have been mostly lost in Abyssinians here in the U.S. We have worked successfully to get these nice ear tufts and dark hocks back into our lines while also keeping the moderate body type with the rounded contours of the modified wedge for the head. We do NOT prefer the more Oriental look that some Abys have, with a flattened head and very low big ears. To that end, we are choosing our breeding Abys carefully as well as importing from overseas.


CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


ABYSSINIAN COLOR GENETICS - SEX-LINKED RED

Tortoiseshell or tortie colored Abys have a random mix of sex-linked red and "black" which is called "torbie" because it is short for tortoiseshell tabby.

You may have seen torties and calicos in domestic cats before, and noticed they are all female. The red or Orange (O) gene is sex-linked (meaning that it is only on the X gene of the sex-linked alleles that determine the sex, male or female, of animals such as fruit flies, mice, cats and humans). This is a different gene placement than the black color gene and therefore coexists with the black gene (the cat has both colors). The Orange gene is always dominant to all of the black gene colors.

The patchy look of the tortie is caused by one of the two female X genes being "turned off" (mostly) at random during embryonic development creating inactivated X chromosomes in each cell, called Barr bodies. If the sex-linked red X is the one turned off, the color of that hair is the "black" color. If the "black" colored X is turned off, the color of the hair becomes the dominant sex-linked red.

Since males only have one X gene (they are XY) and females have two (XX), only female Abys can be torbie with the sex-linked red color and the "black" color, one on each X gene. The very rare male exceptions to this are usually sterile and have three genes (XXY) instead of the usual XY for male or a chimera with four genes (XXXY) which can sometimes sire kittens.

If the sire (father) of the kittens is a sex-linked red like Linc and the queen (mother) is NOT sex-linked red, all female kittens will be torbies and all male kittens will be one of the "black" colors (ruddy, chocolate, or cinnamon or their dilutes). None of the kittens will be sex-linked red or cream. This is because the females have two X genes, and one of them must come from their sire which always has the sex-linked red gene. However, the other X gene for the female kittens must be a "black" color since it comes from the non-sex-linked-red queen. The males can only get the Y gene from the sire, so they cannot be sex-linked red if the queen isn't sex-linked red, because their X gene must come from the queen.

If the sire of the kittens is a sex-linked red like Linc and the queen is a torbie like Sky, male kittens may be sex-linked red or cream OR one of the "black" colors, and the female kittens will be torbies OR an extremely rare sex-linked red or cream female. The male kittens get their Y gene from their sire and since only one of a torbie queen's X genes carry red, they can get a sex-linked red X gene, or a regular black X gene, from the queen. The female kittens get one X gene from the sire (always sex-linked-red) and one from the queen (can be sex-linked red or not) and therefore can be torbie or sex-linked red or cream.

If the sire IS NOT sex-linked red and the queen IS sex-linked red or cream (not a torbie) like Sky's mother Ginger, all male kittens will be sex-linked red or cream, and all female kittens will be torbies. The male kittens get their Y gene from their sire and since both of the queen's X genes carry red, they get a sex-linked red X gene from the queen. The female kittens get one X gene from the sire (non-sex-linked-red) and one from the queen (always a sex-linked red) and therefore are torbie.

If the sire IS NOT sex-linked red and the queen IS a torbie like Sky, male kittens may be sex-linked red or cream or one of the "black" colors, and the female kittens will be torbies or one of the "black" colors, giving the most diverse possibility of colors for the kittens. The male kittens get their Y gene from their sire and since only one of a torbie queen's X genes carry red, they can get a sex-linked red X gene, or not, from the queen. The female kittens get one X gene from the sire (non-sex-linked-red) and one from the queen (can be sex-linked red or not) and therefore can also be torbie or a "black" color. It is sometimes impossible to tell whether the female kittens have the red gene or not, especially with the cinnamon torbie, as with Rose .

If the sire and queen are both sex-linked red (not torbie), their male kittens will all be sex-linked red or cream and the female kittens will all be sex-linked red or cream. The X genes from sire and queen will all have the sex-linked red gene, which is dominant over all of the "black" colors. On all sex-linked red cats the "black" colors still exist on the black allele and are a part of that cat's genetics. However, all of the hair will be changed to the sex-linked red color by the dominant red gene. (For example, Linc is red but he is also genetically chocolate.)

The Abyssinian ticked tabby genes are not affected by the red gene so as you can see from the Color Comparison photos in the table above, a red Aby looks very much like a cinnamon Aby with the modified tabby pattern and ticking/banding on each hair. Likewise, a fawn torbie looks very close to a fawn, and a cinnamon torbie looks like a cinnamon. One of the distinguishing features that looks most promising is to look at the underneath part of the tip of the tail for bands of white for the torbies or a much whiter color than usual for the reds and creams. And of course, the color is an orange-red as opposed to a brownish red, but without a comparison or experience it is harder to tell the difference.

It is quite challenging and interesting to work with the red sex-linked genes! They are all the same wonderful Abys underneath these interesting and beautiful new colors, however, and except for the color they share the same characteristics in both conformation and personality. The breeder saying is: Build it, then paint it.


If you are into genetics or want to know what the percentages are for a particular breeding, Stacym Somalis has an excellent color genetics chart here where you can look it up! :-)


Subscribe to Aksum Abyssinians FREE newsletter
Available kittens, problem solving, Aby care, product reviews, Q&A
Original articles - you can only get it here! Email addresses are kept strictly private!



CLICK HERE FOR AKSUM ABY KITTEN PICTURES & VIDEOS!

BREED INFO | ABY VIDEOS | ABY CARE | FOOD & NUTRITION | ABY COLORS & GENETICS


CONTACT US

If you would like to share your home with a beautiful active Abyssinian, please contact us to be placed on the waiting list.

 

Copyright © 2009 Aksum Abyssinians - All rights reserved

Common misspellings for Abyssinian:
Aby Abysinian Abisinian Abyssian Abbyssinian Abbsynian Abbisinian Abyssinan Abysinnian Abyssin
Abys Abysinians Abisinians Abyssians Abbyssinians Abbisinians Abyssinans Abbsynians Abysinnians Abyssin